Archive For The “Optical Engineering” Category
By D. Hood
Gigabit-capable passive optical networks (G-PON) have a wide and lengthening base of help between telecommunications operators all over the world. Written via of the specialists within the box, this ebook explains G-PON intimately, either the unique 2.5 Gb/s model and XG-PON, the ten Gb/s moment new release. the root tested by way of this e-book is additionally necessary in realizing NG2 (next-generation 2) G-PON, that's outfitted upon a couple of XG-PON structures on parallel wavelengths. in addition to a heritage that clarifies the explanations for plenty of of the present beneficial properties, the ebook seems to be at present and evolving expertise and discusses many of the choices for destiny entry networks.
By Norbert H. Nickel,Evgenii Terukov
By Xiaohua Jia,Xiao-Dong Hu,Ding-Zhu Du
The authors of the booklet have decades of operating adventure within the components of computing device networks and community optimization. The ebook discusses many tough problems with WDM networks in a really accomplished means. for every challenge, there's a historical past dialogue, after which the mathematical formula, through the options.
By Handong Li,Jiang Wu,Zhiming M. Wang
A number of nanomaterials have first-class optoelectronic and digital houses for novel gadget purposes. while, and with advances in silicon built-in circuit (IC) concepts, appropriate Si-based nanomaterials carry promise of employing some great benefits of nanomaterials to the normal IC undefined. This publication focuses not just on silicon nanomaterials, but additionally summarizes updated advancements within the integration of non-silicon nanomaterials on silicon. The e-book showcases the paintings of top researchers from world wide who handle such key questions as: Which silicon nanomaterials may give the specified optical, electric, and structural homes, and the way are they ready? What nanomaterials should be built-in directly to a silicon substrate and the way is that this complete? What Si-based nanomaterials may perhaps convey a leap forward during this box? those questions tackle the sensible concerns linked to the advance of nanomaterial-based units in purposes parts corresponding to sunlight cells, luminous units for optical communique (detectors, lasers), and excessive mobility transistors. research of silicon-based nanostructures is of serious value to make complete use of nanomaterials for equipment purposes. Readers will obtain a complete view of Si-based nanomaterials, so one can confidently stimulate curiosity in constructing novel nanostructures or ideas to fulfill the necessities of excessive functionality equipment functions. The target is to make nanomaterials the most components of the excessive functionality units of the future.
By John H. Lau,Cheng Kuo Lee,C. S. Premachandran,Yu Aibin
A entire advisor to 3D MEMS packaging tools and solutions
Written by means of specialists within the box, Advanced MEMS Packaging serves as a invaluable reference for these confronted with the demanding situations created by way of the ever-increasing curiosity in MEMS units and packaging. This authoritative consultant provides state-of-the-art MEMS (microelectromechanical platforms) packaging innovations, corresponding to low-temperature C2W and W2W bonding and 3D packaging.
This definitive source is helping you decide trustworthy, artistic, high-performance, powerful, and affordable packaging strategies for MEMS units. The booklet also will reduction in stimulating extra study and improvement in electric, optical, mechanical, and thermal designs in addition to fabrics, strategies, production, checking out, and reliability. one of the themes explored:
- Advanced IC and MEMS packaging trends
- MEMS units, advertisement functions, and markets
- More than 360 MEMS packaging patents and 10 3D MEMS packaging designs
- TSV for 3D MEMS packaging
- MEMS wafer thinning, dicing, and handling
- Low-temperature C2C, C2W, and W2W bonding
- Reliability of RoHS-compliant MEMS packaging
- Micromachining and water bonding techniques
- Actuation mechanisms and built-in micromachining
- Bubble change, optical change, and VOA MEMS packaging
- Bolometer and accelerameter MEMS packaging
- Bio-MEMS and biosensor MEMS packaging
- RF MEMS switches, tunable circuits, and packaging
By R Newman
Organized into 5 chapters, this quantity starts off with an outline of the basics of electron and X-ray lithography, with a spotlight on resists and how they functionality, and the way they're utilized in microfabrication. It then discusses electron scattering and its results on face up to publicity and improvement, electron-beam lithography apparatus, X-ray lithography, and optical equipment for high quality line lithography. It systematically introduces the reader to electron-beam projection thoughts, dry processing equipment, and alertness of electron-beam know-how to large-scale built-in circuits. different chapters specialize in touch and proximity printing, projection printing, deep-UV lithography, and shadow printing with electrons and ions. The ebook describes reactive plasma etching and ion beam etching prior to concluding with a glance at components affecting the functionality of the scanning-probe kind of structures.
This publication is a worthwhile source for fabrics engineers and processing engineers, in addition to these within the lecturers and industry.
By Andrey V. Korol,Andrey V. Solov'yov,Walter Greiner
The improvement of coherent radiation assets for sub-angstrom wavelengths - i.e. within the demanding X-ray and gamma-ray diversity - is a demanding aim of recent physics. the provision of such resources may have many purposes in easy technology, expertise and medication and particularly, they might have a progressive influence on nuclear and stable nation physics, in addition to at the existence sciences. the current state of the art lasers are able to emitting electromagnetic radiation from the infrared to the ultraviolet, whereas loose electron lasers (X-FELs) at the moment are getting into the tender X-ray sector. relocating additional, i.e. into the challenging X and/or gamma ray band, in spite of the fact that, isn't attainable with no new ways and technologies.
In this booklet we introduce and speak about one such novel technique -the radiation shaped in a Crystalline Undulator - whereby electromagnetic radiation is generated by way of a number of ultra-relativistic debris channeling via a periodically bent crystalline constitution. lower than definite stipulations, any such equipment can emit in depth spontaneous monochromatic radiation or even succeed in the coherence of laser mild sources.
Readers could be awarded with the underlying primary physics and be familiarized with the theoretical, experimental and technological advances made over the past one and a part many years in exploring a number of the positive factors of investigations into crystalline undulators. This examine attracts upon wisdom from many learn fields - similar to fabrics technology, beam physics, the physics of radiation, reliable country physics and acoustics, to call yet a couple of. as a result, a lot care has been taken by means of the authors to make the e-book as self-contained as attainable during this admire, with a purpose to additionally supply a useful introduction to this rising box to a large readership of researchers and scientist with numerous backgrounds.
This new version has been revised and prolonged to take fresh advancements within the box into account.
By Michael Nastasi,James W. Mayer
By Xueyuan Chen,Yongsheng Liu,Datao Tu
Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reports the newest advances within the improvement of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for strength bioapplications. This publication covers the chemical and actual basics of those nanoparticles, comparable to the managed synthesis technique, floor amendment chemistry, optical physics, and their promising purposes in various bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers.
This booklet is meant for these readers who're attracted to systematically realizing the fabrics layout procedure, optical habit of lanthanide ions, and functional bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It basically makes a speciality of the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and organic elements of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters have been written via scientists energetic during this box and for a extensive viewers, delivering either novices and complicated researchers with finished details at the subject.
Xueyuan Chen is a Professor at Fujian Institute of analysis at the constitution of topic (FJIRSM), chinese language Academy of Sciences.
Yongsheng Liu is a examine affiliate Professor at FJIRSM, chinese language Academy of Sciences.
Datao Tu is a learn Assistant Professor at FJIRSM, chinese language Academy of Sciences.
By Luca Fedeli